The Supreme Spiritual Council is the best govt body of the Armenian Church and is presided over by the Catholicos of All Armenians. The members of the Council can be elected by the National Ecclesiastical Assembly or appointed by the Catholicos of All Armenians. The Catholicos of All Armenians, Gevorg V. Soorenian established the Supreme Spiritual Council on January 1, 1924, to replace the Synod of Bishops.
After the passage of that act, Armenians from the Soviet Union, Turkey, Lebanon, Iran and other Middle Eastern international locations started migrating in large numbers, many fleeing political instability in their host countries. In the Fifties, most Armenian immigrants within the US have been from Soviet Armenia and Turkey. The Istanbul pogrom in 1955 frightened the native Turkish Armenian population, which appeared to the West for a secure and extra affluent life. Between the sixteenth and 19th centuries, the traditional Armenian homeland composed of Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia came beneath the rule of the Ottoman and Iranian empires, repeatedly ruled by either of the two over the centuries. By the nineteenth century, Eastern Armenia had been conquered by the Russian Empire, while a lot of the western components of the traditional Armenian homeland remained under Ottoman rule.
Comparison to different churches
Over the subsequent three many years, Russia sought to further broaden its territory within the Caucasus on the expense of Ottoman Turkey and Qajar Iran. The Russian campaigns found enthusiastic support amongst the Armenians, led by the Bishop of Tbilisi, Nerses Ashtaraketsi, who took half pretty armenian girls in the fighting in particular person. The Russo-Persian War of 1804 to 1813 saw the Russians conquer a bit of territory in jap Armenia only to surrender most of it on the Treaty of Gulistan.
Armenian border guards are in command of patrolling the country’s borders with Georgia and Azerbaijan, while Russian troops continue to monitor its borders with Iran and Turkey. In the case of an attack, Armenia is ready to mobilize every in a position-bodied man between the age of 15 and fifty nine, with military preparedness. Armenia presently maintains optimistic relations with almost each country on the planet, with two main exceptions being its quick neighbours, Turkey and Azerbaijan.
The affairs of the Lebanese Evangelical neighborhood is run by the Union of the Union of the Armenian Evangelical Churches within the Near East (UAECNE). Lebanon is the placement of the only Armenian university outside Armenia. Haigazian University was established in Beirut by the Armenian Missionary Association of America and the Union of the Armenian Evangelical Churches in the Near East. Founded in 1955, Haigazian is a liberal arts Armenian institution of higher learning, which uses English as the language of instruction. “The Apprentice, Kim Kardashian’s Perfume Brings Out Best and Worst”.
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According to US Census figures, there are 300,000 Americans who communicate Armenian at home. It is in fact the 20th most commonly spoken language within the United States, having slightly fewer audio system than Haitian Creole, and slightly more than Navajo. Armenians of the Diaspora are the first audio system of the Western dialect of the Armenian language. This dialect has appreciable variations with Eastern Armenian, but audio system of both of the 2 variations can usually perceive one another. Eastern Armenian in the diaspora is primarily spoken in Iran and European nations similar to Ukraine, Russia, and Georgia (the place they type a majority within the Samtskhe-Javakheti province).
Persian Armenia, which incorporates modern-day Armenian Republic was part of Qajar Iran as much as 1828. Iran had one of the largest populations of Armenians in the world alongside neighboring Ottoman Empire until the start of the 20th century. The Armenian presence in Jerusalem dates back to the 4th century AD, when Armenia adopted Christianity as a national faith and Armenian monks settled in Jerusalem. Hence, it’s thought of the oldest dwelling diaspora community exterior the Armenian homeland.
From the mid 16th century with the Peace of Amasya, and decisively from the first half of the seventeenth century with the Treaty of Zuhab till the first half of the 19th century, Eastern Armenia was ruled by the successive Safavid, Afsharid and Qajar empires, while Western Armenia remained beneath Ottoman rule. In the early 12th century, Armenian princes of the Zakarid family drove out the Seljuk Turks and established a semi-unbiased principality in northern and jap Armenia often known as Zakarid Armenia, which lasted beneath the patronage of the Georgian Kingdom.
The National Art Gallery in Yerevan has more than sixteen,000 works that date again to the Middle Ages, which point out Armenia’s rich tales and stories of the instances. It houses paintings by many European masters as well. The Modern Art Museum, the Children’s Picture Gallery, and the Martiros Saryan Museum are only a few of the other noteworthy collections of nice art on show in Yerevan.
The Armenian structure adhered to the model of a semi-presidential republic until April 2018. Armenia ranked 63rd out of one hundred eighty nations on Environmental Performance Index (EPI) in 2018. Its rank on subindex Environmental Health (which is weighted at 40% in EPI) is 109, while Armenia’s rank on subindex of Ecosystem Vitality (weighted at 60% in EPI) is 27th greatest in the world. This suggests that main environmental points in Armenia are with population health, while environment vitality is of lesser concern. Out of sub-subindices contributing to Environmental Health subindex rating on Air Quality to which inhabitants is exposed is particularly unsatisfying. In 1920, Turkish nationalist forces invaded the fledgling Armenian republic from the east.
In Macarius’s letter to the Armenians in 335 AD, it seeks to right irregularities within the initiation rites of Baptism and the Eucharist at present in use in the Armenian Church by articulating present practices in Jerusalem. In so doing, it reveals the divergent types being practiced in Armenia, which have robust echoes of previous East Syriac Rite. Orthopraxy was conceived by Vrtanes and his Armenian colleagues when it comes to liturgical efficiency in Jerusalem.
The origins of Armenians have at all times been a subject historians, linguists, and archaeologists confer about. Linguists began listening to the many similarities that the Indo-European and Semitic languages had. The solely rationalization of the linguistic similarities between them could be the motion of the cradle of the Indo-European linguistic groups geographically farther east, that is, to the Armenian plateau. Armenian persons are one of the oldest nations on the planet.
Legislative energy is vested in both the federal government and the unicameral National Assembly (parliament). Armenia has a inhabitants of simply 3 million people (in 2015). Destination Armenia, this web page is about the landlocked country on the crossroad between Europe and Asia. The former Soviet republic is situated in southeastern Europe/western Asia, east of Turkey, north of Iran and south of the mountainous Caucasus region (Transcaucasia). National Program on Energy Saving and Renewable Energy of Republic of Armenia Archived at the Wayback Machine, Scientific Research Institute of Energy for the Alliance to Save Energy, 2007.